Someone may ask, “What are you going to do this weekend?”  You may say, “I’m going to have dinner with a friend,” “I’m going to see a movie,” “I’m going to study for my English test.”  All of these are decisions you’ve made prior to the moment of speaking. Incorrect: Look! Hey there – I’m Kim and I’m an accent and communication coach for non-native English speakers. Please enjoy the podcast, and let me know if you have any questions in the comments below! This means that something now (in the present) tells us what is going to happen in the future. You’ll understand how “to be going to” is used to talk about decisions made before the moment of speaking, or plans, and how “will” is used to talk about decisions made at the moment of speaking, or offers. Going To for Predictions. When we want to talk about future facts or things we believe to be true about the future, we use … Copyright © Future Predictions. This can be practised with Pictionary (drawings to represent sentences like “The apple is going to hit him on the head”) or mimes (acting out sentences like “The jar is going to fall and break”). You're going to miss your train! ♦ Look at those clouds. In another podcast, I will talk about other uses of “will” as well as how to use the simple present and present continuous with a future meaning. Unlike the past tense and the present tense, we do not actually have a future tense. The good news is that we can use both “to be going to” and “will” to make predictions. Another example is when someone asks you a question. *We OFTEN use BE + going to + base infinitive for Future Plans (see my post April 8, 2013).. Necessary and Functionality Cookies should be enabled at all times so that we can save your preferences for cookie settings. 2. PLANS and INTENTIONS: Be going to is used to talk about plans and intentions, usually when the decision has already been made. Please enable Strictly Necessary Cookies first so that we can save your preferences! Instead, we have future forms: the modal verb “will,” the construction “to be going to,” the simple present, and the present continuous can all be used to express future meaning! I often notice that students use “will” to express all of their ideas about the future; however, this is not always correct. As you can see, we don’t use “will” to express this idea about the future. Click here to explore my other resources on using grammar structures like a native speaker. Future: be going to ( I am going to work ) - gramática inglés y uso de palabras en "English Grammar Today" - Cambridge University Press, use the present simple and the present continuous with a future meaning, Introducing Yourself to New People and Making Small Talk, How to Give Clear Suggestions and Strong Recommendations Using Polite Language. When we are making predictions based on circumstances that we can see right now, we cannot use the simple future with will. That glass is going to fall.”  These are predictions based on my present circumstances. Going to is used with predictions. You’re welcome to contribute your own explanation to help make these points more clear! PREDICTIONS: We use be going to when we can see that something is likely to happen. However, when I’m basing my prediction on some sort of present circumstance, I’m going to use “to be going to” in my prediction. Choose the best ending for each of these situations. We use the modal verb “will,” the construction “to be going to,” the simple present, and the present continuous to express different ideas about the future. We use both “to be going to” and “will” to talk about predictions for the future. We often use going to to make a prediction about the future. We also use cookies to analyze visitors to help us improve the structure and content of our website. It’s going to happen. You’ll discover how both “to be going to” and “will” can be used for predictions about the future, but how “to be going to” is better when the prediction is based on an observation made in the present moment. Both “will” and “might” are modal auxiliary verbs. 2021 Predictions, 2021 World Predictions, 2021 Prophecies I looked into my crystal ball and scryed like Nostradamus to see what 2021 will bring. Please note that British English spelling is used on this website. Thank you for listening to this podcast with Cookies allow us to record important information about how you arrive at, use, and move through this website. In general, we can use “to be going to” and “will” interchangeably. Here are some examples: The sky is very black. We are saying what we think will happen. I say, “Careful! Analytics cookies: these cookies are used to track the use and performance of our website, email communications, and services, as indicated above. We often do this when we talk about the weather, for example. The ladder is shaking. You see ‘gonna‘ written a lot in songs. When we use BE + going to + base infinitive, it often sounds like ‘gonna‘ + base infinitive. 2021 will put a lot of focus on change, revolution, protests and riots. If you want to clearly communicate your meaning, finally speak with natural stress and intonation, and improve your accent so that people can understand you easily, you’re in the right place! Going to is used with predictions. To make a prediction about flying cars, I can use “will” or “to be going to.”  I can say, “We’ll have flying cars in the next 50 years” or “We’re going to have flying cars in the next 50 years.”  In these examples, I’m making a general prediction which has nothing to do with my experience at the present, so I can use both “will” and “to be going to.”. 1. It's going to snow. =  I'm going to surprise you all one day. In general, we can use “to be going to” and “will” interchangeably. Look at that car! The data from this comment form will only be used to respond to your comment. It’s something I feel very strongly about based on my experience in the present moment. Many thanks for all your encouraging messages. In all of them, the prediction is based on something we can see right now. It's 8.30! If you receive emails from us, we may use certain analytics tools to capture data such as when you open our email or click on any links inside our emails.
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