Elisabeth of France or Isabel of Bourbon (22 November 1602 – 6 October 1644) was Queen Consort of Spain (1621 to 1644) and Portugal (1621 to 1640) as the first spouse of King Philip IV of Spain.She served as regent of Spain during the Catalan Revolt in 1640-42 and 1643-44. Despite her strong opposition to Protestantism in France, she was horrified when she received news of the Saint Bartholomew's Day Massacre begun on 24 August 1572, and which continued for several days afterwards, when thousands of French Protestants were slaughtered in Paris. She was the eldest daughter of King Henry IV of France and his second spouse Marie de' Medici [6] Then, she disappeared from public life. By the time of her birth, the health of Marie Elisabeth's father was deteriorating rapidly, and after long suffering, in which Elisabeth rendered him silent support and prayed for his recovery, Charles IX died on 30 May 1574; Elisabeth wept "tears so tender, and so secret," according to Brantôme, at his bedside.[11]. The child was named Marie Elisabeth after her grandmother, Empress Maria, and Queen Elizabeth I of England, who were her godmothers. In early 1580, Elisabeth bought some lands near Stallburg and founded the Convent of Poor Clares Mary, Queen of Angels (Klarissinnenkloster Maria, Königin der Engel), also known as the Queen's Monastery (Königinkloster). The curious princess soon joined and even overshadowed them in their studies. 1573. In her will, Elizabeth donated money not only to the poor and sick, but also included funds for prayers for her late husband in the convent's church. C. Brainne, J. Debarbouiller, C. F. Lapierre: King Henry III gave the Duchy of Berry to his younger brother and heir presumptive, Archduke Ferdinand of Further Austria-Tyrol, "Complete Genealogy of the House of Habsburg", Genealogy Database by Daniel de Rauglaudre, Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich, "Habsburg, Philipp I. der Schöne von Oesterreich", Isabella Clara Eugenia, Co-sovereign of the Habsburg Netherlands, Maria Christina, Princess of Transylvania, Maria Maddalena, Grand Duchess of Tuscany, Eleanor, Queen of Poland, Duchess of Lorraine, Maria Anna Josepha, Electoral Princess of the Palatinate, Maria Clementina, Hereditary Princess of Naples, Margaretha Klementine, Princess of Thurn and Taxis, Princess Karoline Marie of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Maria Henrietta, Princess of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst, Elisabeth Marie, Princess of Windisch-Graetz, Margarita, Marchioness Taliani di Marchio, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Elisabeth_of_Austria,_Queen_of_France&oldid=987058895, Articles lacking reliable references from August 2012, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. After long celebrations, on 4 November she left Austria accompanied by high-ranking German dignitaries, including the Archbishop-Elector of Trier. He/She married Carlos IX of France in 1570, and lived always away from politics and turned to works of piety; had no news of the massacre of St. Bartholomew until after of executed and expressed great grief. Busbecq, her former tutor who accompanied her to France, was made Lord Chamberlain of her Household, and Madeleine of Savoy was appointed her Première dame d'honneur. Catherine de' Medici, mother of Charles IX, and the power behind the throne, initially preferred Elisabeth's elder sister Anna; but the latter was already chosen as the new wife of her uncle King Philip II of Spain. Her last great tragedy came on 2 April 1578, when her five-and-half-year-old daughter Marie Elisabeth died. Because of the difficult journey and the cold weather, at the beginning of 1571 Elisabeth fell ill. King Charles IX of France and Archduchess Elisabeth of Austria were formally married on 26 November 1570 in Mézières; Charles, Cardinal de Bourbon, performed the ceremony. She was also regarded as demure, pious, and warmhearted but naive and intensely innocent because of her sheltered upbringing. Elisabeth spoke German, Spanish, Latin and Italian with fluency, but she learned French with difficulty; also, she felt lonely in the lively and dissolute French court; yet, one of her few friends was her sister-in-law, Margaret of Valois, who was not known for her virtue. Ver más » Isabel de Portugal Isabel de Portugal (Lisboa, 24 de octubre de 1503-Toledo, 1 de mayo de 1539), fue la única esposa de Carlos I de … de Francia, hermano de Isabel de Francia. Biografía de la Reina España Siendo de corta edad fue prometida al príncipe del Piamonte, pero después se convino un doble matrimonio de esta princesa con Felipe IV de España, y de la hermana de este, Ana de Austria, con Luis XIII de Francia, hermano de Isabel de Francia. They enjoyed a privileged and secluded childhood, and were raised in the Roman Catholic religion. Queen of France, daughter of Maximiliano II, Emperor of Germany, who was born in 1554 and died in 1592. After her departure from France, Elisabeth maintained a regular correspondence with her sister-in-law Queen Margaret of Navarre, and when the latter was ostracised from the rest of the royal family, she made half of the revenues she received from France available to her. Cuenta la historia subjetiva de la esposa del rey Carlos VI, supuestamente culpable de todos los males de Francia Era hija del rey español Felipe IV y de la primera de sus esposas, Isabel de Borbón (hija de Enrique IV de Francia). . María Isabel de Valois (27 de octubre de 1545 -2 de abril de 1558). Her mother Maria personally supervised the religious education of her daughters, and from her early childhood Elisabeth was impressed by her namesake Saint Elisabeth of Hungary and reportedly took her as a model. She also financed the restoration of the All Saints Chapel in Hradčany, Prague, which had been destroyed in a fire in 1541. Isabel de Austria fue archiduquesa de Austria, hija del emperador Maximiliano II de Habsburgo y de María de Austria y Portugal, infanta de España. After having completed the 40 days mourning period, Elisabeth - now called la Reine blanche (the White Queen), as, by custom, white clothing was worn by the widow of the deceased King of France after the initial mourning period - was compelled by her father to return to Vienna.
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