All fresh water used on the island is distilled from seawater. The Dutch found oil in Lake Maracaibo, Venezuela, but, because the lake was too shallow for oceangoing ships, the oil was transported in smaller vessels to Curaçao for refining and transshipment. The need for salt to preserve herring initially drove the Dutch to the Caribbean. Both courts handle civil and criminal cases. You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Web Store. • Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Cloudflare Ray ID: 5fa1f3b9c86f04d4 Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. Updates? Corrections? Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Llueve generalmente durante la noche. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Curaçao developed large modern dry-docking and bunkering facilities and became one of the largest ports in the world in terms of total tonnage handled. Curaçao was settled by Arawak people from the South American mainland. On October 10, 2010, Curaçao and Sint Maarten became—like Aruba, which had separated from the Netherlands Antilles in 1986—countries within the Kingdom of the Netherlands. It now produces oranges, the dried peel of which is the base for the famous Curaçao liqueur that is distilled there. En la isla de Curazao, el clima es soleado y seco durante casi todo el año. Curaçao is independent in internal affairs, but the government of the Netherlands is responsible for defense, foreign relations, and similar matters. It was first visited by Europeans in 1499 and was settled by the Spanish and, later, by the Dutch, who established it as a major centre of trade for the Dutch West India Company. The Supreme Court of the Netherlands is the court of final appeal. La estación de lluvias comienza en octubre y termina en diciembre. Las temperaturas se mantienen constantes todo el año (28ºC), gracias a los vientos alisios que refrescan el clima permanentemente. In 1845 Curaçao was one of the six Dutch dependencies in the West Indies that were brought under collective administration. Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. Start planning your trip today, and Feel It For Yourself. Omissions? Although physiographically part of the South American continental shelf, Curaçao and neighbouring islands off the northern coast of South America are usually considered to constitute the southwestern arc of the Lesser Antilles. In addition, Willemstad is an important Caribbean banking centre. The Spanish deported the entire indigenous population as slaves to Hispaniola in 1515. A Council of Ministers, presided over by the prime minister, forms government policy. The expanding tourist sector is key to the island’s economy. The island provided one special advantage for the Dutch—one of the finest natural harbours in the West Indies. This article was most recently revised and updated by, Curaçao - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). At the southeastern end of the island, a channel, Sint Anna Bay, passes through reefs to a large, deep, virtually enclosed bay called Schottegat, the site of the capital town, Willemstad. The Spanish deported the entire indigenous population as slaves to Hispaniola in 1515. During the period 1660 to 1700, the Dutch West India Company flourished; the slave trade boomed, and the port of Curaçao was opened to all countries both to receive the incoming food supplies and to dispose of products from the plantations of South America. Colourful houses of Punda, Willemstad, Curaçao. Aloes, which had originally been imported from Africa, do not require irrigation and are still exported for pharmaceutical uses. Noticias de Curazao en Español Visita The currency is the Netherlands Antillean guilder or florin. Está fijado al dólar US$ a un cambio estable de US$1 = Voting is open to all residents of Curaçao with Dutch nationality who are at least 18 years old. The economy of Curaçao depends heavily on petroleum refining, using crude oil imported from Venezuela. UNIVERSIDADES ISLA DE CURAZAO ORGANIZACION POLITICA Poder Ejecutivo Poder Legislativo Curazao Economía Narcotráfico Turismo Comercio MONEDA La moneda local es el florín holandés de las antillas abreviado “Nafl.” O “Ang”. Is Portugese the official language of Brazil? We promote a sound financial system by operating in an innovative, efficient, effective and reliable manner. The island was subjected to frequent invasions from competing privateers and suffered during the wars between the English and Dutch. It has remained continuously in Dutch hands since 1816. Sort fact from fiction, and test your fluency in this quiz of official languages. In spite of the government’s attempts to diversify the economy by encouraging light industry, there are only a few manufacturing firms, and all consumer goods and food must be imported. Your IP: Those dependencies were reorganized as the Netherlands Antilles in 1954 and granted autonomy in internal affairs.
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